WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT
27TH U.S. PRESIDENT
Recognizing the need for a reliable source of oil to power the American Navy during times of war, President Taft set up a series of areas to be set aside as a Naval Petroleum Reserve. These areas include: NPR 1&2 in Southern California, and NPR 3 in Wyoming.
The town of Taft (originally named Moron), named after the president, is located in Kern County California adjacent to the giant Midway-Sunset Field.
28TH U.S. PRESIDENT
President Wilson expanded on Taft’s Naval Petroleum Reserve system by establishing NPR 4 in northern Alaska. He also created one of the first organizations, Anvil Points Oil Shale Experiment Station, to research technologies for exploiting oil shales in western Colorado.
WARREN G. HARDING
29TH U.S. PRESIDENT
The Harding administration became marred in a scandal involving nepotism driving the private leasing at Naval Petroleum Reserve 3, Teapot Dome. Known as the Teapot Dome Scandal perpetrated by then Secretary of the Interior, Albert Fall; this scandal became the center point of history’s view of the Harding administration and one of the largest scandals of the early 20th century.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
32ND U.S. PRESIDENT
Following the Yalta Conference in 1945, President Roosevelt opened relations with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during a meeting with King Abdul Aziz. This started the American-Saudi relationship where the Saudis would provide reliable oil supplies and the Americans provided regional security.
38TH U.S. PRESIDENT
In response to the Arab Oil Embargo, President Ford signed off on the creation of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) and the Energy Information Association (EIA). The SPR is a large storage of crude oil on the gulf coast that is able to provide commercially available crude in times of a petroleum disruption. The EIA provides information on energy use, production, and inventories.
Portraits courtesy whitehouse.gov
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