Why Does the Oilfield Need CPR Training?
CPR training, and first aid availability in general is part of being prepared in the case of a workplace illness or injury. One misconception that many of our students routinely work through is the difference between first aid and CPR training being a part of emergency preparedness versus being a hazard mitigation itself. Hazard mitigation attempts to remove or limit hazards to workers do not become injured whereas first aid is intended to save lives after an injury has already occurred.
API/RRC for H2S
H2S is an extremely poisonous gas and a hazard that is particular to many oil and gas operations across the world as well as South Texas. One of the effects of H2S on the body is that it can cause unconsciousness and the loss of respiration. The American Petroleum Institute in its Recommended Practices for Drilling and Well Servicing in H2S (#49) recommends that all wellsite workers in H2S environments receive first aid and CPR training. In Texas, the Railroad Commission governs oilfields containing H2S under Rule 36. For operators whose operations contain H2S gas concentration over 100 PPM section c 13 of rule 36 requires workers to be trained in the use of resuscitation equipment in addition to using the buddy system.
For oil and gas operators and contractors operating under OSHA general industry, 1910.151 Subpart K covers requirements for first aid training and first aid kit availability in areas where “an infirmary, clinic, or hospital” are not available. The kit itself is specified to meet ANSI Z308.1 standards but the training is open-ended as to what is adequate for each workplace. For many oil and gas environments, this includes CPR training due to the amount of physical exertion and possibility of H2S. Some rigsites have started implementing AED policies as well in response to the risk of needing resuscitation.
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